Increasing energy efficiency in the cement industry through training by means of virtual reality (VR)
The aim of IGF project 21619 is to develop a training simulator with which learners can independently solve typical process engineering tasks within a virtual reality (VR) environment, particularly in connection with ball mills.
BetonQuali - information and qualification platform
"BetonQuali - information and qualification platform", a joint project of VDZ gGmbH and its project partners, aimed to develop and test a training method for semi-skilled and unskilled employees in the concrete industry.
Reducing mercury loads in rotary cement kilns using sorbents
The research project was investigating the extent to which the different types of mercury bond, the alkaline atmosphere and high dust loading influence the effectiveness of possible additives such as activated charcoal, open-hearth coke or other calcium compounds and mixtures of these.
Stabilisation of processes with high secondary fuel use through the injection of oxygen in rotary kiln plants in the cement industry
The main aim of the research project was to evaluate the influence of oxygen enrichment on the clinker, on kiln operation and on the use of alternative fuels as well as on the composition of the exhaust gas.
Joint Project SynErgie: Synchronised and energy-adaptive production technology for adapting industrial processes to a fluctuating power supply
CEMCAP – CO₂ capture from cement production
Taking into account the experimental results and a techno-economic analysis, CEMCAP has developed a decision basis for CO₂ capture technologies in the cement industry. This should enable European cement producers to perform plant-specific CCS economic analyses and adapt to a world with limited carbon emissions. From a European perspective, CEMCAP aims to expand the portfolio of cost- and resource-efficient options for CCS and thus the possibilities for reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
Development of a high-efficiency SNCR process with staged combustion for reducing NOₓ and NH₃ emissions in cement industry rotary kiln plants with precalcination
The aim of the research project was to obtain general NOₓ emission abatement to 200 mg/m³ with a minimal NH₃ slip of max. 30 mg/m³ in cement industry rotary kiln plants with precalcination.
Improving the selection and service life of metallic materials in the high-temperature range of rotary cement kilns, taking into account the relevant gas atmosphere
New functionalities of textile-reinforced concrete through titanium dioxide modifications Subsidiary project: fine-grained concrete and cement-bound adhesive
ASR performance testing: extending the database to include the 60 °C concrete test with particular reference to cements with several main constituents
In the IGF (Cooperative Industrial Research) project the framework conditions for a possible performance test method for evaluating the alkali reactivity of concrete was calibrated on the basis of the requirements of the German regulations.
Reducing the environmental impact of concrete construction through new types of cement and the concrete produced from them using starting materials that are available in adequate quantities
The aim of this research project was the laboratory and industrial production and testing of cements that contain levels of limestone above the maximum content described in DIN EN 197-1.
Procedures for E II aggregates
VDZ and the Brandenburg Technical University Cottbus-Senftenberg (BTU) investigated whether it is possible to define an alkali sensitivity class E II-S on the basis of the 40 °C concrete test with cloud chamber storage. In addition, criteria for the rapid test procedure and the 60 °C concrete test as well as the BTU-SP rapid test were also derived.
Determination of characteristic values based on the degree of hydration for predicting the durability of concrete
Mortar and concrete trials were used to determine characteristic parameters, such as the void filling of the cements, their hydration characteristics, the porosity of the mortars and concretes made with these cements, and the durability of the concretes.
Boundary conditions for accurately achieving projected concrete properties in the modern 5-material system of diverse concrete constituents
Within the framework of the research project, the intention was to identify the most important influence parameters that are responsible for showing unscheduled properties such as changed consistency, signs of sedimentation, or an accelerated or decelerated strength development in certain cases of fresh concretes which are produced over prolonged periods.
Chemistry and mineralogy
Effects of pre-hydration on the performance of cements and the influence of different clinker properties
The research project has two objectives. The first is to investigate whether certain chemical / mineralogical properties can make clinker more robust against pre-hydration effects. Secondly, it will be investigated which measures can be taken to counteract possible negative effects, in particular by adjusting the sulphate carrier composition.
Performance of ternary cements with Portland cement clinker, granulated blast furnace slag and calcined clay as the main constituents
The aim of the research project is the detailed investigation of the performance, durability and hydration behaviour of ternary cements with blastfurnace slag and calcined clay as main constituents (KSQ cements).
Clinker burning with alternative fuels at low process temperatures - effects on coating formation and on the corrosion of refractory products in the cement rotary kiln as well as on the performance of cement
The replacement of primary fuels by alternative fuels is of great economic and ecological importance for the cement industry and is to be increased in the future. The fuel ashes are used as raw material in the cement clinker and influence its properties as well as the coating formation on the refractory lining in the kiln. Exact knowledge of these effects is indispensable for the further increase of the alternative fuel rate and the simultaneous optimisation of the kiln operation as well as for the maintenance of the clinker quality and the service life of the refractory lining.
Calcined Clays from mineral secondary raw materials
The aim of the research project is to investigate the suitability of previously largely unused mineral secondary raw materials from the stone and earth industry as a resource-conserving and climate-friendly main cement constituent. The use of cal-cined clays from secondary raw materials instead of conventional main cement constituents or high-quality primary clays can make an important contribution to the production of climate-friendly and resource-efficient cements.
Influences of two-stage mixing on the hydration behaviour of Portland-composite cements and composite cements as well as on the concrete performance
The acceptance of resource-efficient cements with significantly reduced specific CO₂ emissions is still too low in construction practice. The main reason is that the early strength is not high enough for economical production processes and competitive construction with concrete. The research project is investigating the extent to which more intensive mixing and further cement constituents besides clinker increase the mixing energy input and can increase the early cement hydration and thus the strength development.
Resource-efficient use of sulphate-containing process dusts for sulphate optimisation using isothermal heat flow calorimetry
The research project analyses whether sulphate-rich process dusts can be used to optimise the sulphate content of cements, thereby saving anhydrite/gypsum and, in particular, improving the early strength of cements with several main constituents. Furthermore, it is to be determined whether isothermal heat flow calorimetry can be used as a fast and cost-effective investigation method for this purpose.