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Research projects

Knowledge transfer


Completed

BetonQuali - information and qualification platform

"BetonQuali - information and qualification platform", a joint project of VDZ gGmbH and its project partners, aimed to develop and test a training method for semi-skilled and unskilled employees in the concrete industry.

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Cement production


Current

AC²OCem - Accelerating Carbon Capture using Oxyfuel Technology in Cement Production

The project investigates the existing 1st generation oxyfuel technology and an innovative 2nd generation oxyfuel concept with the ultimate goal of reducing CO₂ avoidance cost, increasing plant efficiency and strengthening the overall competitiveness.

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Current

CLEANKER – Integrated calcium looping process for CO₂ capture

The aim of the CLEANKER (CLEAN clinKER) project is to perform large-scale testing of this technology as an integrated method (Technology Readiness Level 7). It is planned to treat 4 000 m³/h exhaust gas in a demonstration plant to be connected to an existing kiln line at the Buzzi Unicem works in Vernasca in Italy.

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Current

Emissionsreduktion in der Steine- und Erden-Industrie durch modellbasierte Prozessoptimierung (EMREDPRO) [in German]

Ziel des Projekts ist es, ein Softwaremodell zu entwickeln, das eine Anlage und bestehende Werksprozesse ganzheitlich abbildet. Mit dem Tool soll es möglich sein, neue Teile in die Anlage zu integrieren und deren Auswirkungen zu untersuchen.

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Current

Raw meal screening: Energy-optimised fine-rod screening of raw cement meal for the evaluation of process-relevant characteristic values

The subject of the research project is the fine-tuning of dry cement raw materials. The focus is on the influence on the electrical energy requirement during the comminution of the raw material and the thermal effects on the subsequent clinker burning process, caused by a changed raw meal granulometry.

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Current

Cement clinker production with simultaneous power generation

The core concept of the research project is to generate the maximum amount of electrical energy from the process exhaust gas during the production of cement clinker without affecting its kiln capacity or clinker quality. The electricity generated should cover the base load requirements for the cement production.

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Current

Method for rapid testing of the quality of flyable alternative fuels for use in the clinker burning process

As part of the research project, the German cement industry is to be provided with a utility model of a new type of apparatus for quasi-continuous incoming inspection of SRF deliveries. Based on a fast, technically robust and efficient characterization of flight capability, humidity and optically detectable features of SRF, a system shall be developed, constructed and tested in practice.

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Concrete technology


Current

Recycled clay brick containing materials as a raw material in resource efficient cements and durable concretes

The topic of the research project is the utilisation of brick-containing materials from the recycling of mineral construction waste. It is being investigated whether and how resource-efficient cements can be produced with processed brick-containing construction waste and reduced clinker content, thus reducing process-related CO₂ emissions.

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Current

Influence of releasable alkalis from aggregates on a deleterious alkali-silica reaction in concrete

The IGF project 21386 N focuses on the relationship between the releasable alkali contents from aggregates and possible effects in concrete.

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Current

LeptoCalc – Recovery of fines from concrete recycling plants as cement constituent

The use of fines from concrete recycling plants as cement constituents is currently insufficiently investigated and requires further research. The basic prerequisite for the utilisation of the fines will be to be able to characterise the material properties as quickly and comprehensively as possible and to ensure a constant material flow. An essential part of the research project is therefore the development of a rapid test method with which the properties of these fines can be estimated, among other things, by measuring the residual reactivity.

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Current

Environmentally friendly railway sleepers with calcium sulfoaluminate cements

The research project will investigate whether the technical requirements for railway sleepers with CSA cements can be realised. Also, some basic links to standards (e.g. modulus of elasticity, creep and shrinkage in accordance with EC2) must be checked and ensured.

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Current

Durability of concretes with clinker efficient cements under modified concrete technological conditions

The current research project aims to determine if CEM II/C-cements can be used in some exposure classes (XC1-4, XF1) according to DIN 1045 2 under modified technological conditions of the concrete (reduced water-cement ratio, increased minimum strength class) without additional requirements.

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Current

Proof for durability of chemically stressed concretes and concrete components: Proof of concrete attacked by carbonic acid

In order to be able to use new, clinker-efficient cements and concretes in the future even under the attack of carbonic acid, the development of a test and assessment concept is necessary. Therefore, VDZ and the Institute for Building Research of the RWTH Aachen started a joint research project.

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Chemistry and mineralogy


Current

Performance of ternary cements with Portland cement clinker, granulated blast furnace slag and calcined clay as the main constituents

The aim of the research project is the detailed investigation of the performance, durability and hydration behaviour of ternary cements with blastfurnace slag and calcined clay as main constituents (KSQ cements).

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Current

Effects of pre-hydration on the performance of cements and the influence of different clinker properties

The research project has two objectives. The first is to investigate whether certain chemical / mineralogical properties can make clinker more robust against pre-hydration effects. Secondly, it will be investigated which measures can be taken to counteract possible negative effects, in particular by adjusting the sulphate carrier composition.

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Completed

Cement chemical optimisation of cements containing fly ash

Various cement-chemical optimisation possibilities for cements containing fly ash with different types of hard coal fly ash were intensively investigated. Furthermore, the effects of different clinkers and sulphate carriers as well as mineral additives on hydration and strength development were determined.

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Completed

Concept for retrospective determination of the concrete composition, the grading curve as well as further properties of aggregates or the cements in hardened concrete

The aim of the project was to address open questions of the finished project IGF 17829 N and to develop a method for determining the grading curve of aggregates in hardened concrete.

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Completed

Influence of the reduction of melting point and viscosity of the clinker melt by ashes of alternative fuels on sintering reactions and coating formation

A database was compiled which cement manufacturers can use to influence and further optimise the formation of the melt phase by selecting suitable alternative fuels and their proportion.

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Completed

Prevention of a deleterious ASR with Portland-fly ash cement – mechanisms in concrete

The research activities continued the project “Low alkali cements with fly ash” (IGF 17249N) with two main targets. Firstly the effects of different characteristics of cements with fly ash on the release of aluminium into the pore solution were investigated. Secondly it was looked into how much each of the examined mechanisms (reduction of the alkali ion concentration, reduction of portlandite availability, release of aluminium into the pore solution, change of the cement stone microstructure) contributes to the prevention of a deleterious ASR.

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