Increasing energy efficiency in the cement industry through training by means of virtual reality (VR)
The aim of IGF project 21619 is to develop a training simulator with which learners can independently solve typical process engineering tasks within a virtual reality (VR) environment, particularly in connection with ball mills.
BetonQuali - information and qualification platform
"BetonQuali - information and qualification platform", a joint project of VDZ gGmbH and its project partners, aimed to develop and test a training method for semi-skilled and unskilled employees in the concrete industry.
Reducing mercury loads in rotary cement kilns using sorbents
The research project was investigating the extent to which the different types of mercury bond, the alkaline atmosphere and high dust loading influence the effectiveness of possible additives such as activated charcoal, open-hearth coke or other calcium compounds and mixtures of these.
Development of a high-efficiency SNCR process with staged combustion for reducing NOₓ and NH₃ emissions in cement industry rotary kiln plants with precalcination
The aim of the research project was to obtain general NOₓ emission abatement to 200 mg/m³ with a minimal NH₃ slip of max. 30 mg/m³ in cement industry rotary kiln plants with precalcination.
CEMCAP – CO₂ capture from cement production
Taking into account the experimental results and a techno-economic analysis, CEMCAP has developed a decision basis for CO₂ capture technologies in the cement industry. This should enable European cement producers to perform plant-specific CCS economic analyses and adapt to a world with limited carbon emissions. From a European perspective, CEMCAP aims to expand the portfolio of cost- and resource-efficient options for CCS and thus the possibilities for reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
Joint Project SynErgie: Synchronised and energy-adaptive production technology for adapting industrial processes to a fluctuating power supply
Improving the selection and service life of metallic materials in the high-temperature range of rotary cement kilns, taking into account the relevant gas atmosphere
Investigation on the interaction of fuel particles and cement clinker with the aim of increasing the use of alternative fuels
The aim of the research project was to identify those fuel particles which potentially cause the greatest disturbances and to determine their rate of conversion in the flame and in the clinker bed. A further goal was to derive quality criteria for AF, to elaborate recommendations for the optimisation of fuel feeding systems and to develop a tool to estimate the suitability of an AF.
Reduction of green house gases by process innovations in the primary Industry, SP 6: Development of a methodology for cross-project and ecological potential assessment, cement industry
Influence of releasable alkalis from aggregates on a deleterious alkali-silica reaction in concrete
Recycled clay brick containing materials as a raw material in resource efficient cements and durable concretes
The topic of the research project is the utilisation of brick-containing materials from the recycling of mineral construction waste. It is being investigated whether and how resource-efficient cements can be produced with processed brick-containing construction waste and reduced clinker content, thus reducing process-related CO₂ emissions.
Durability of concrete according to the performance principle - classification of material resistance, production control (PC), conformity criteria and control (CC)
In this project, the systematic classification of the carbonation and chloride penetration resistance of concretes will be investigated. Based on these results, recommendations for action will be derived for production and conformity control within the framework of a performance-based durability concept.
Proof for durability of chemically stressed concretes and concrete components: Proof of concrete attacked by carbonic acid
In order to be able to use new, clinker-efficient cements and concretes in the future even under the attack of carbonic acid, the development of a test and assessment concept is necessary. Therefore, VDZ and the Institute for Building Research of the RWTH Aachen started a joint research project.
Fresh concrete properties and hardening behaviour of concretes with clinker-efficient cements CEM II/C and CEM VI
EN 197-5 defined the clinker-efficient cements CEM II/C and CEM VI. Technical approvals for the application of CEM II/C cements have been issued. For a widespread application, it is important that all parties involved develop confidence in the new products. With new findings on fresh concrete properties, hardening behaviour and durability two research projects of the VDZ Concrete Technology Department will provide an important basis for application of these cements in concrete for the construction industry.
Chemistry and mineralogy
Clinker burning with alternative fuels at low process temperatures - effects on coating formation and on the corrosion of refractory products in the cement rotary kiln as well as on the performance of cement
The replacement of primary fuels by alternative fuels is of great economic and ecological importance for the cement industry and is to be increased in the future. The fuel ashes are used as raw material in the cement clinker and influence its properties as well as the coating formation on the refractory lining in the kiln. Exact knowledge of these effects is indispensable for the further increase of the alternative fuel rate and the simultaneous optimisation of the kiln operation as well as for the maintenance of the clinker quality and the service life of the refractory lining.
Calcined Clays from mineral secondary raw materials
The aim of the research project is to investigate the suitability of previously largely unused mineral secondary raw materials from the stone and earth industry as a resource-conserving and climate-friendly main cement constituent. The use of cal-cined clays from secondary raw materials instead of conventional main cement constituents or high-quality primary clays can make an important contribution to the production of climate-friendly and resource-efficient cements.
Use of X-ray fluorescence analysis to determine trace element contents in cements
The aim of the research project is to develop a procedure for analysing trace elements on cements using X-ray fluorescence analysis. In addition, precision data and application limits are to be determined, which are essential in order to be able to classify the results.
Resource-efficient use of sulphate-containing process dusts for sulphate optimisation using isothermal heat flow calorimetry
The research project analysed whether sulphate-rich process dusts can be used to optimise the sulphate content of cements, thereby saving anhydrite/gypsum and, in particular, improving the early strength of cements with several main constituents. Furthermore, it was to be determined whether isothermal heat flow calorimetry can be used as a fast and cost-effective investigation method for this purpose.
Interactions of accelerating admixtures and clinker-efficient cements with several main constituents to improve the early compressive strength of concrete
The acceptance of resource-efficient cements with significantly reduced specific CO₂ emissions is still too low in construction practice. The main reason for this is that early strength is not high enough for economical production processes and also competitive construction with concrete. Accelerating admixtures can improve the early strength of concrete. The research project investigates interactions between concrete admixtures that accelerate the strength development and cements with several main constituents.
Influences of two-stage mixing on the hydration behaviour of Portland-composite cements and composite cements as well as on the concrete performance
The acceptance of resource-efficient cements with significantly reduced specific CO₂ emissions is still too low in construction practice. The main reason is that the early strength is not high enough for economical production processes and competitive construction with concrete. The research project is investigating the extent to which more intensive mixing and further cement constituents besides clinker increase the mixing energy input and can increase the early cement hydration and thus the strength development.