Increasing energy efficiency in the cement industry through training by means of virtual reality (VR)
The aim of IGF project 21619 is to develop a training simulator with which learners can independently solve typical process engineering tasks within a virtual reality (VR) environment, particularly in connection with ball mills.
BetonQuali - information and qualification platform
"BetonQuali - information and qualification platform", a joint project of VDZ gGmbH and its project partners, aimed to develop and test a training method for semi-skilled and unskilled employees in the concrete industry.
Development of a high-efficiency SNCR process with staged combustion for reducing NOₓ and NH₃ emissions in cement industry rotary kiln plants with precalcination
The aim of the research project was to obtain general NOₓ emission abatement to 200 mg/m³ with a minimal NH₃ slip of max. 30 mg/m³ in cement industry rotary kiln plants with precalcination.
Improving the selection and service life of metallic materials in the high-temperature range of rotary cement kilns, taking into account the relevant gas atmosphere
Investigation and optimisation of catalytic methods of reducing carbon monoxide and organic components in the exhaust gas of rotary kiln plants in the cement industry
As part of the IGF research project 17364 N funded by the AiF, studies were performed in conjunction with the research institute of the cement industry (FIZ) and the Institute of Chemical and Electrochemical Process Engineering at Clausthal University (ICVT) on the catalytic reduction of CO and organic components in the rotary kiln exhaust gas of cement plants.
Stabilisation of processes with high secondary fuel use through the injection of oxygen in rotary kiln plants in the cement industry
The main aim of the research project was to evaluate the influence of oxygen enrichment on the clinker, on kiln operation and on the use of alternative fuels as well as on the composition of the exhaust gas.
Sustainable education for cement industry workers in Russia (BIRUZEM)
At the request of VDZ members with business interests in Russian-speaking regions, VDZ therefore got together with other service providers and universities in early 2013 to work on creating a platform for training courses in Russian in the field of cement production and utilisation.
Reducing mercury loads in rotary cement kilns using sorbents
The research project was investigating the extent to which the different types of mercury bond, the alkaline atmosphere and high dust loading influence the effectiveness of possible additives such as activated charcoal, open-hearth coke or other calcium compounds and mixtures of these.
The use of fines from concrete recycling plants as cement constituents is currently insufficiently investigated and requires further research. The basic prerequisite for the utilisation of the fines will be to be able to characterise the material properties as quickly and comprehensively as possible and to ensure a constant material flow. An essential part of the research project is therefore the development of a rapid test method with which the properties of these fines can be estimated, among other things, by measuring the residual reactivity.
Influence of releasable alkalis from aggregates on a deleterious alkali-silica reaction in concrete
Recycled clay brick containing materials as a raw material in resource efficient cements and durable concretes
The topic of the research project is the utilisation of brick-containing materials from the recycling of mineral construction waste. It is being investigated whether and how resource-efficient cements can be produced with processed brick-containing construction waste and reduced clinker content, thus reducing process-related CO₂ emissions.
Durability of concrete according to the performance principle - classification of material resistance, production control (PC), conformity criteria and control (CC)
In this project, the systematic classification of the carbonation and chloride penetration resistance of concretes will be investigated. Based on these results, recommendations for action will be derived for production and conformity control within the framework of a performance-based durability concept.
Proof for durability of chemically stressed concretes and concrete components: Proof of concrete attacked by carbonic acid
In order to be able to use new, clinker-efficient cements and concretes in the future even under the attack of carbonic acid, the development of a test and assessment concept is necessary. Therefore, VDZ and the Institute for Building Research of the RWTH Aachen started a joint research project.
Reduction of green house gases by process innovations in the primary Industry, SP 6: Development of a methodology for cross-project and ecological potential assessment, cement industry
Chemistry and mineralogy
Effects of pre-hydration on the performance of cements and the influence of different clinker properties
The research project has two objectives. The first is to investigate whether certain chemical / mineralogical properties can make clinker more robust against pre-hydration effects. Secondly, it will be investigated which measures can be taken to counteract possible negative effects, in particular by adjusting the sulphate carrier composition.
Performance of ternary cements with Portland cement clinker, granulated blast furnace slag and calcined clay as the main constituents
The aim of the research project is the detailed investigation of the performance, durability and hydration behaviour of ternary cements with blastfurnace slag and calcined clay as main constituents (KSQ cements).
Clinker burning with alternative fuels at low process temperatures - effects on coating formation and on the corrosion of refractory products in the cement rotary kiln as well as on the performance of cement
The replacement of primary fuels by alternative fuels is of great economic and ecological importance for the cement industry and is to be increased in the future. The fuel ashes are used as raw material in the cement clinker and influence its properties as well as the coating formation on the refractory lining in the kiln. Exact knowledge of these effects is indispensable for the further increase of the alternative fuel rate and the simultaneous optimisation of the kiln operation as well as for the maintenance of the clinker quality and the service life of the refractory lining.
Calcined Clays from mineral secondary raw materials
The aim of the research project is to investigate the suitability of previously largely unused mineral secondary raw materials from the stone and earth industry as a resource-conserving and climate-friendly main cement constituent. The use of cal-cined clays from secondary raw materials instead of conventional main cement constituents or high-quality primary clays can make an important contribution to the production of climate-friendly and resource-efficient cements.
Influences of two-stage mixing on the hydration behaviour of Portland-composite cements and composite cements as well as on the concrete performance
The acceptance of resource-efficient cements with significantly reduced specific CO₂ emissions is still too low in construction practice. The main reason is that the early strength is not high enough for economical production processes and competitive construction with concrete. The research project is investigating the extent to which more intensive mixing and further cement constituents besides clinker increase the mixing energy input and can increase the early cement hydration and thus the strength development.
Resource-efficient use of sulphate-containing process dusts for sulphate optimisation using isothermal heat flow calorimetry
The research project analyses whether sulphate-rich process dusts can be used to optimise the sulphate content of cements, thereby saving anhydrite/gypsum and, in particular, improving the early strength of cements with several main constituents. Furthermore, it is to be determined whether isothermal heat flow calorimetry can be used as a fast and cost-effective investigation method for this purpose.